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Revista de Saúde Pública

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FERREIRA, Haroldo da Silva  and  LUCIANO, Sandra Cristina Moraes. Prevalence of extreme anthropometric measurements in children from Alagoas, Northeastern Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2010, vol.44, n.2, pp.377-380.  Epub Feb 26, 2010. ISSN 0034-8910.

The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of extreme anthropometric measurements in children indicative of their nutritional status. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a random sample of 1,386 children under five in the state of Alagoas, northeastern Brazil. The prevalence of deficits (z <-2; WHO-2006 standard) for weight-for-age (underweight), weight-for-height (wasting) and height-for-age (stunting) were 2.9% (n = 40), 1.2% (n = 17), and 10.3% (n = 144), respectively. Excess of weight-for-height (overweight) was seen in 135 children (9.7%). In conclusion, the prevalences of underweight and wasting are epidemiologically irrelevant and stunting and overweight have a similar prevalence.

Keywords : Child; Body Weights and Measures; Growth; Child Development; Nutritional Transition; Cross-Sectional Studies.

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