Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
FLORINDO, Alex Antonio; SALVADOR, Emanuel Péricles; REIS, Rodrigo Siqueira and GUIMARAES, Vanessa Valente. Perception of the environment and practice of physical activity by adults in a low socioeconomic area. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.45, n.2, pp. 302-310. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102011000200009.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between practice of physical activity and the perception of the community environment among adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 890 adults carried out in Ermelino Matarazzo district in São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, 2007. The dependent variables were the practice of at least 150 minutes per week in leisure time physical activity and walking for commuting. Independent variables concerned the environment, and adjustment variables were sex, age, education and length of time living in the neighborhood. RESULTS: Variables associated with leisure time physical activity were: invitation from friends/neighbors, the presence of facilities less than ten minutes walking from the house and the absence of bars within ten minutes walking distance of the house. Public safety was associated with walking for commuting. CONCLUSIONS: To promote physical activity in areas of low socioeconomic status, it is fundamental to invest in public safety and facilities for physical activity, in addition to promoting social support networks.
Keywords : Adult; Motor Activity; Leisure Activities; Socioeconomic Factors; Environment and Public Health; Cross-Sectional Studies.