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Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
MAGALHAES, Andréa Fernandes; LOPES, Creso Machado; KOIFMAN, Rosalina Jorge and MUNIZ, Pascoal Torres. Prevalence of self-reported traffic accidents in Rio Branco, Northern Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.45, n.4, pp.738-744. Epub May 20, 2011. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102011005000031.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported traffic accidents and identify associated factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study carried out from September 2007 to August 2008, in the urban and rural zones of Rio Branco (Northern Brazil). Data referring to adults (aged 18 to 96 years, n = 1,516) of the inquiry Health and Nutrition of Adults and Children of Rio Branco, obtained in home interviews, were analyzed. The relations between self-reported traffic accident and socioeconomic and behavior variables were analyzed by means of prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals; Poisson regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of self-reported traffic accident was 36%. In the Poisson analysis, male individuals (PR= 1.45 and 95% CI: 1.12;1.87) who reported alcohol consumption (PR= 1.25 and 95%CI: 0.97;1.62), with income above five minimum wages (PR= 1.88 and 95%CI: 1.25;2.83), aged between 18 and 25 years (PR= 1.45 and 95%CI: 1.02;2.05), presented higher probability of reporting involvement in traffic accidents. The variables age and level of schooling had inverse association with the outcome, while income had a positive association, all of them with significant tendency. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of self-reported traffic accidents shows higher risk for men with higher income, lower level of schooling and who ingest alcoholic beverages. They should be the target of prevention campaigns.
Keywords : Accidents, Traffic; Prevalence; Rural Zones; Urban Zones; Cross-Sectional Studies.