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Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
SILVA, Ivelissa da et al. Association between alcohol abuse during pregnancy and birth weight. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.45, n.5, pp.864-869. Epub Aug 19, 2011. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102011005000062.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between alcohol abuse during gestation and low birth weight. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based nested study from a cohort of 957 pregnant women who received prenatal assistance through Sistema Único de Saúde (National Health System) in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and delivered their babies between September 2007 and September 2008. The mothers were interviewed at two distinct moments: prenatal and postpartum periods. In order to verify alcohol abuse, the CAGE (Cut down, Annoyed by criticism, Guilty and Eye-opener) scale was used. Bivariate analyses were carried out, as well as multiple logistic regression adjusted by the variables prematurity and alcohol abuse. The level of significance that was adopted was 95%. RESULTS: Of the women who participated in the study, 2.1% abused alcohol during pregnancy and, among these, 26.3% had low birth weight children. There was an association between alcohol abuse and low birth weight (p<0.038). CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that alcohol abuse during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight.
Keywords : Pregnant Women; Alcohol Drinking [adverse effects]; Infant, Low Birth Weight; Cross-Sectional Studies.