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Revista de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1518-8787

Abstract

ARAKAWA, Tiemi et al. Tuberculosis control program in the municipal context: performance evaluation. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2017, vol.51, 23.  Epub Mar 30, 2017. ISSN 1518-8787.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1518-8787.2017051006553.

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of the Tuberculosis Control Program in municipalities of the State of São Paulo.

METHODS

This is a program evaluation research, with ecological design, which uses three non-hierarchical groups of the municipalities of the State of São Paulo according to their performance in relation to operational indicators. We have selected 195 municipalities with at least five new cases of tuberculosis notified in the Notification System of the State of São Paulo and with 20,000 inhabitants or more in 2010. The multiple correspondence analysis was used to identify the association between the groups of different performances, the epidemiological and demographic characteristics, and the characteristics of the health systems of the municipalities.

RESULTS

The group with the worst performance showed the highest rates of abandonment (average [avg] = 10.4, standard deviation [sd] = 9.4) and the lowest rates of supervision of Directly Observed Treatment (avg = 6.1, sd = 12.9), and it was associated with low incidence of tuberculosis, high tuberculosis and HIV, small population, high coverage of the Family Health Strategy/Program of Community Health Agents, and being located on the countryside. The group with the best performance presented the highest cure rate (avg = 83.7, sd = 10.5) and the highest rate of cases in Directly Observed Treatment (avg = 83.0, sd = 12.7); the group of regular performance showed regular results for outcome (avg cure = 79.8, sd = 13.2; abandonment avg = 9.5, sd = 8.3) and supervision of the Directly Observed Treatment (avg = 42.8, sd = 18.8). Large population, low coverage of the Family Health Strategy/Program of Community Health Agents, high incidence of tuberculosis and AIDS, and being located on the coast and in metropolitan areas were associated with these groups.

CONCLUSIONS

The findings highlight the importance of the Directly Observed Treatment in relation to the outcome for treatment and raise reflections on the structural and managerial capacity of municipalities in the implementation of the Tuberculosis Control Program.

Keywords : Tuberculosis, prevention & control; Program Evaluation; Quality Indicators, Health Care; Evaluation of Health Services.

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