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Revista de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1518-8787

Abstract

ALVES, Diana Neves et al. Use of the Coding Causes of Death in HIV in the classification of deaths in Northeastern Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2017, vol.51, 88.  Epub Sep 21, 2017. ISSN 1518-8787.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2017051000124.

OBJECTIVE

Describe the coding process of death causes for people living with HIV/AIDS, and classify deaths as related or unrelated to immunodeficiency by applying the Coding Causes of Death in HIV (CoDe) system.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study that codifies and classifies the causes of deaths occurring in a cohort of 2,372 people living with HIV/AIDS, monitored between 2007 and 2012, in two specialized HIV care services in Pernambuco. The causes of death already codified according to the International Classification of Diseases were recoded and classified as deaths related and unrelated to immunodeficiency by the CoDe system. We calculated the frequencies of the CoDe codes for the causes of death in each classification category.

RESULTS

There were 315 (13%) deaths during the study period; 93 (30%) were caused by an AIDS-defining illness on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention list. A total of 232 deaths (74%) were related to immunodeficiency after application of the CoDe. Infections were the most common cause, both related (76%) and unrelated (47%) to immunodeficiency, followed by malignancies (5%) in the first group and external causes (16%), malignancies (12 %) and cardiovascular diseases (11%) in the second group. Tuberculosis comprised 70% of the immunodeficiency-defining infections.

CONCLUSIONS

Opportunistic infections and aging diseases were the most frequent causes of death, adding multiple disease burdens on health services. The CoDe system increases the probability of classifying deaths more accurately in people living with HIV/AIDS.

Keywords : Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, mortality; Cause of Death; AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections, mortality.

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