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Revista de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1518-8787

Abstract

KARNIKOWSKI, Margô Gomes de Oliveira et al. Characterization of the selection of medicines for the Brazilian primary health care. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2017, vol.51, suppl.2, 9s.  Epub Nov 13, 2017. ISSN 1518-8787.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2017051007065.

OBJECTIVE

To characterize the process of selection of medicines for primary health care in the Brazilian regions.

METHODS

This article is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos – Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM – National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines – Services, 2015), a cross-sectional study that consisted of an information gathering in a sample of cities in the five regions of Brazil. The data used were collected by interviews with those responsible for pharmaceutical services (PS) (n = 506), professionals responsible for the dispensing of medicines (n = 1,139), and physicians (n = 1,558). To evaluate the difference between ratios, we adopted the Chi-square test for complex samples. The differences between the averages were analyzed in generalized linear models with F-test with Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. The analyses considered significant had p≤0.05.

RESULTS

The professionals responsible for pharmaceutical services reported non-existence of a formally constituted Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee (PTC) (12.5%). They claimed to have an updated (80.4%) list of Essential Medicines (85.3%) and being active participants of this process (88.2%). However, in the perception of respondents, the list only partially (70.1%) meets the health demands. Of the interviewed professionals responsible for the dispensing of medicines, only 16.6% were pharmacists; even so, 47.8% reported to know the procedures to change the list. From the perspective of most of these professionals (70.9%), the list meets the health demands of the city. Among physicians, only 27.2% reported to know the procedures to change the list, but 76.5% would have some claim to change it. Most of them reported to base their claims in clinical experiences (80.0%). For 13.0% of them, the list meets the health demands.

CONCLUSIONS

As this is the first national survey of characterization of the process of selection of medicines within primary health care, it brings unpublished data for the assessment of policies related to medicines in Brazil.

Keywords : Drugs, Essential, classification; Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee; Pharmaceutical Services; National Policy of Pharmaceutical Assistance; Primary Health Care; Health Services Research; Unified Health System.

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