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Revista de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1518-8787

Abstract

ARAUJO, Patricia Sodré et al. Pharmaceutical care in Brazil’s primary health care. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2017, vol.51, suppl.2, 6s.  Epub Nov 13, 2017. ISSN 1518-8787.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2017051007109.

OBJECTIVE

To characterize the activities of clinical nature developed by pharmacists in basic health units and their participation in educational activities aiming at health promotion.

METHODS

This article is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos – Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM – National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines – Services, 2015), a cross-sectional and exploratory study, of evaluative nature, consisting of a survey of information in a representative sample of cities, stratified by the Brazilian regions that constitute domains of study, and a subsample of primary health care services. The interviewed pharmacists (n=285) were responsible for the delivery of medicines and were interviewed in person with the use of a script. The characterization of the activities of clinical nature was based on information from pharmacists who declared to perform them, and on participation in educational activities aiming at health promotion, according to information from all pharmacists. The results are presented in frequency and their 95% confidence intervals.

RESULTS

From the interviewed subjects, 21.3% said they perform activities of clinical nature. Of these, more than 80% considered them very important; the majority does not dispose of specific places to perform them, which hinders privacy and confidentiality in these activities. The main denominations were “pharmaceutical guidance” and “pharmaceutical care.” The registration of activities is mainly made in the users’ medical records, computerized system, and in a specific document filed at the pharmacy, impairing the circulation of information among professionals. Most pharmacists performed these activities mainly along with physicians and nurses; 24.7% rarely participated in meetings with the health team, and 19.7% have never participated.

CONCLUSIONS

Activities of clinical nature performed by pharmacists in Brazil are still incipient. The difficulties found point out to the professionals’ improvisation and effort. The small participation in educational activities of health promotion indicates little integration of pharmacists with the health team and of pharmaceutical services with other health actions.

Keywords : Pharmacists; Pharmaceutical Care; Pharmaceutical Services; Primary Health Care; Health Services Research; Unified Health System.

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