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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

versión On-line ISSN 1678-9946


CAMARGO, Mário E.; SILVA, Guilherme Rodrigues da; CASTILHO, Euclides Ayres de  y  SILVEIRA, Antônio Carlos. Chagas'disease serology in Brazil, 1975 — 1980. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1984, vol.26, n.4, pp.192-204. ISSN 1678-9946.

A nationwide seroepidemiologic survey of human T. cruzi infection was carried out in Brazil from 1975 to 1980 as a joint programme of the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) and the Superintendência de Campanhas (SUGAM), Ministry of Health, of Brazil. Due to the marked heterogeneity of urban populations as result of wide migratory movements in the country and since triatomine transmission of the disease occurs mostly in rural areas, the survey was limited to rural populations. The survey was based on a large cluster sampling of complete households, from randomly selected localities comprised of 10 to 500 houses, or up to 200 houses in the Amazon region. Random selection of localities and houses was permitted by a detailed mapping of every locality in the country, as performed and continuously adjusted, by SUCAM. In the selected houses duplicate samples on filter paper were collected from every resistent 1 year or older. Samples were tested in one of 14 laboratories scattered in the country by the indirect anti-IgG immunofluorescence test, with reagents produced and standardized by a central laboratory located at the Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo. A continuous quality control was performed at this laboratory, which tested duplicates of 10% to 15% of all samples examined by the collaborating laboratories. Data regarding number of sera collected, patients'age, sex, place of residence, place of birth and test result were computerized at the Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Serologic prevalence indices were estimated for each Municipality and mapped according to States and Territories in Brazil. Since data were already available for the State of São Paulo and the Federal District, these unities were not included in the survey.

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