Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
versão On-line ISSN 1678-9946
ANDRADE, Zilton A. e PEIXOTO, Ediriomar. Pathology of periportal fibrosis involution in human schistosomiasis. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1992, vol.34, n.4, pp. 263-272. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651992000400001.
Optical and electron microscopical evidences of focal matrix degradation were frequently seen in liver sections of periportal fibrosis caused by schistosomiasis mansoni in man. The material came from 14 wedge hepatic biopsies taken from patients with chronic advanced hepatosplenic disease and undergoing operations for the relief of portal hypertension. Besides the presence of focal areas of rarefaction, fragmentation and dispersion of collagen fibers, the enlarged portal spaces also showed hyperplasia of elastic tissue and disarray of smooth muscle fibers following destruction of portal vein branches. Eggs were scanty in the tissue sections, and matrix degradation probably represented involuting changes related to the progressive diminution of parasite-related aggression, which occurs spontaneously with age or after cure by chemotherapy. The changes indicative of matrix degradation now described are probably the basic morphological counterpart of periportal fibrosis involution currently being documented by ultrasonography in hepatosplenic patients submitted to curative chemotherapy.
Palavras-chave : Matrix degradation; Fibrosis; Schistosomiasis; Collagen; Chemotherapy.