Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Print version ISSN 0036-4665
AVILA-CAMPOS, Mario Julio et al. Antimicrobial resistance and plasmid detection in strains of the Bacteroides fragilis group. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1993, vol.35, n.1, pp. 107-110. ISSN 0036-4665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651993000100016.
Resistant populations of the Bacteroides fragilis group bacteria (two reference ones and two isolated from human and Callithrix penicillata marmoset) were obtained by the gradient plate technique, to clindamycin, penicillin G, metronidazole and mercuric chloride. All the four tested strains were originaly susceptible to the four antimicrobial drugs at the breakpoint used in this study. MICs determination for the four cultures gave constant values for each antimicrobial, on the several steps by the gradient plate technique. The intestinal human B. fragilis strains showed three DNA bands, that could be representative of only two plasmids in the closed covalently circular (CCC) form with molecular weights of approximately 25 and 2.5 Md. The results do not permit an association between the presence of plasmid in the human strain with the susceptibility to the studied drugs. The four strains were ß-lactamase negative in the two methods used, and no particular chromosomal genetic resistance marker was demonstred. The resistance (MIC) observed, after contact with penicillin G and mercuric chloride, were two-fold in the four tested strains
Keywords : Bacteroides fragilis group; Antimicrobial resistance; Plasmid DNA.