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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
On-line version ISSN 1678-9946
ROCHA, Manoel Otávio da Costa et al. Characterization of the non-apparent clinical form in the initial phase of schistosomiasis mansoni. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1993, vol.35, n.3, pp. 247-251. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651993000300005.
In this paper the history of 115 recruits that had bathed simultaneously in streams contaminated with Schistosoma mansoni, during military maneuvers, is reported. Thirty four of the infected patients presented the initial phase of the infection diagnosed through epidemiologic, clinical and laboratorial parameters. Three out of the 34 patients did not reveal the clinical picture of the infection, thus being considered representatives of the non-apparent form of the disease. Differences between the intensity of blood eosinophilia, the area of immediate cutaneous reaction and the number of Schistosoma eggs eliminated in the stools proved not to be statistically significant (p>0.05) when the non-apparent and acute cases of schistosomiasis were compared. These cases actually may be considered evidences of the non-apparent form hitherto merely taken for granted in the literature.
Keywords : Acute schistosomiasis; Non-apparent form; Initial phase of schistosomiasis.