Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
versão impressa ISSN 0036-4665
SOUZA VIDAL, Maura R. F.; BARBOSA JR., Aryon A. e ANDRADE, Zilton A.. Experimental pulmonary schistosomiasis: lack of morphological evidence of modulation in schistosomal pulmonary granulomas. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1993, vol.35, n.5, pp. 423-429. ISSN 0036-4665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651993000500007.
Numerous pulmonary schistosome egg granulomas were present in mice submitted to partial portal vein ligation (Warren's model). The granulomas were characterized by cellular aggregations formed within alveolar tissue. Main cellular types were macrophages (epithelioid cells), eosinophils, plasma cells and lymphocytes. These cells were supported by scanty fibrous stroma and exhibited close membrane contact points amongst themselves, but without forming specialized adhesion apparatus. When granulomas involved arterial structures, proliferation of cndothelial and smooth muscle cells occurred and fibrosis associated with angiogenesis became more evident. Granulomas formed around mature eggs in the pulmonary alveolar tissue presented approximately the same size and morphology regardless of the time of infection, the latter being 10, 18 and 25 weeks after cercarial exposure. This persistence of morphological appearance suggests that pulmonary granulomas do not undergo immunological modulation, as is the case with the granulomas in the liver and, to a lesser extent, in the intestines. Probably, besides general immunological factors, local (stromal) factors play an important role in schistosomal granuloma modulation.
Palavras-chave : Experimental schistosomiasis; Pulmonary schistosomiasis; Periovular granuloma; Immunological modulation.