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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
On-line version ISSN 1678-9946
STEINDEL, Mário et al. Colonization of artificial ecotopes by Panstrongylus megistus at Santa Catarina Island, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1994, vol.36, n.1, pp. 43-50. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651994000100008.
The aim of this work was to verify the colonization of Panstrongylus megistus on artificial ecotopes in Florianópolis, in the Santa Catarina Island, South Brazil. For this purpose 443 houses of the Lagoa district and 779 house annexes (524 chicken-houses, 46 corrals and 209 storage-houses) in 9 different places were examined from 1985 to 1992. These ecotopes, which include ceilings and basements, were checked after application of dislodging liquid (Pirisa 5%). Colonization by P. megistus was verified in two houses, three chicken-houses and one storage-house of the Lagoa district, where eggs, nymphs and adults were collected. To verify local reports of P. megistus occurrence, another two houses and one school were investigated. The colonization at all of these places was confirmed. In the 9 artificial ecotopes examined, 559 eggs, 305 nymphs and 24 adults were collected. The infection rate of P. megistus by Trypanosoma cruzi was 55.3% (182/ 329). A similar infection rate of 56.5% (78/138) was obtained in adults of P. megistus from sylvatic ecotopes and in adults captured in the houses by the inhabitants between 1983 to 1991. Precipitin tests revealed blood from just one source in 94.0% of the insects (170/181). Human blood was found in 80.6% (25/31) of the adults and in 5.8% (1/17) of the nymphs captured in the houses. These results suggest the need to ally serious epidemiologic vigilance to the effort of the inhabitants in order to avoid the risk of domiciliation of P. megistus in the houses.
Keywords : Triatomíneos; Panstrongylus megistus; Trypanosoma cruzi; Colonização de ecótopos artificiais.