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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

Print version ISSN 0036-4665

Abstract

SALVATELLA, Roberto et al. Feeding patterns of Triatoma rubrovaria (Blanchard, 1843) (Hemiptera, Triatominae) in peridomestic habitats, in a rural area of Uruguay. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1994, vol.36, n.4, pp. 311-320. ISSN 0036-4665.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651994000400003.

It has been studied the feeding patterns of Triatoma rubrovaria (wild triatominae bug, and intradomiciliary secondary vector of T. cruzi) in a rural area of "La Bolsa" (Department of Artigas). Agar double diffusion test were used for analyze the blood meal, from 120 insects, which were confronted to 13 antisera. It has 251 identify blood meals, and the most frequently was mamalian host (73%), but it has a variable source of feeding (mammals, birds, reptils and cockroach), including humans rate 8% of the total. The identify of haemolimphe as feed, place this triatominae bug as an intermediary vector between predator and haematophagous. The most usual mammals are dasypodides and bovines. The frecuence of human blood meal near the dwellings, shows its potentiality as vectors. Therefore, the peridomicile is an area of interaction between, domestic, wild and sinantropic host. The trypanosomic infection's rate at peridomiciles was lesser those at wild areas.

Keywords : Triatoma rubrovaria; Perfil alimentario; Peridomicilio; Chagas; Uruguay.

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