Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Print version ISSN 0036-4665
LEAL-BACELAR, Grace Mary et al. Evaluation of the enzyme-linked-immuno-electro-diffusion-assay (ELIEDA) for the diagnosis of Schistosoma mansoni infection with low worm burden. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1995, vol.37, n.2, pp. 123-127. ISSN 0036-4665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651995000200006.
An immunoprecipitation technique, ELIEDA (enzyme-linked-immuno-electro-diffusion assay), was evaluated for the diagnosis of Schistosoma mansoni infection with low worm burden. One hundred of serum samples from patients excreting less than 600 eggs per gram of feces (epg), with unrelated diseases and clinically healthy subjects were studied. In patients with egg counts higher than 200 epg, the sensitivities of IgM and IgG ELIEDA were 1.000 and 0.923, respectively, not differing from other Serologic techniques, such as indirect hemaglutination (IHAT), immunofluorescence (IFT) tests and immuno-electrodiffusion assay (IEDA). However in patients with low egg counts (< 100 epg), the IgG ELIEDA provided better results (0.821) than IgM ELIEDA (0.679), showing sensitivity that did not differ from that of IgG IFT (0.929), but lower than that of IgM IFT (0.964). However, its sensivity was higher than that found with IHAT (0.607) and IEDA (0.536). The specificity of IgG ELIEDA was comparable to that of other techniques. The data indicate that IgG ELIEDA might be useful for the diagnosis of slight S. mansoni infections, and the cellulose acetate membrane strips can be stored for further retrospective studies.
Keywords : Schistosoma mansoni; Immunodiagnosis; ELIEDA.