Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
versão On-line ISSN 1678-9946
CASSEB, Jorge et al. Prevalence of HTLV-I and HTLV-II infections among HIV-1-infected asymptomatic individuals in São Paulo, Brazil. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1997, vol.39, n.4, pp.213-216. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651997000400006.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1)-infected subjects with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are often infected with multiple pathogens. In particular, HTLV-I and HTLV-II infections have been found more frequently in AIDS patients than in asymptomatic individuals in Europe and Japan. We carried out a serosurvey among asymptomatic HIV-1-infected subjects in São Paulo, Brazil and compared our results with those of other investigators. In this study, we found HTLV infection in 1.5% of 266 asymptomatic and 14% of 28 AIDS patients. Epidemiological data obtained from patients pointed out the use of intravenous drugs as the principal risk factor for acquiring retroviruses. In conclusion, our results are in accordance with other studies done in Brazil and elsewhere where the principal risk group for HIV/HTLV-I/II coinfection was IDU
Palavras-chave : HTLV-I; HTLV-II; HIV-1; Prevalence; Brazil.