Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
versão impressa ISSN 0036-4665
CARVALHO, Omar S. et al. RE-EVALUATION OF SCHISTOSOMIASIS MANSONI IN MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL. III. "NOROESTE DE MINAS" MESOREGION. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1998, vol.40, n.5 ISSN 0036-4665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651998000500002.
This study was conducted to assess the presence of schistosomiasis mansoni in the "Noroeste de Minas" mesoregion, an area considered non-endemic. A malacologic survey and parasitologic stool examinations were undertaken in 13 municipalities of the mesoregion. A sample of 3,283 primary school students was submitted to fecal examination by the Kato-Katz method. A total of 3,627 planorbids was collected and examined. The molluscs were identified as Biomphalaria straminea in seven municipalities (Unaí, Bonfinópolis de Minas, Paracatu, João Pinheiro, Vazante, Lagamar and Lagoa Grande) and as Biomphalaria peregrina in one (Presidente Olegário). All planorbids were negative for Schistosoma mansoni. Four students were diagnosed with schistosomiasis in the municipalities of Buritis, Formoso, Paracatu and Unaí, but none of these cases was considered autochthonous. The data obtained indicate that the "Noroeste de Minas" mesoregion continues to be non-endemic for schistosomiasis mansoni, although the presence of intermediate hosts associated with parasitized individuals emphasizes the need for epidemiological surveillance of schistosomiasis in this mesoregion.
Palavras-chave : Schistosomiasis mansoni; area free of schistosomiasis; "Noroeste de Minas" mesoregion; Biomphalaria straminea; Biomphalaria peregrina; Minas Gerais; Brasil.