Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
versão impressa ISSN 0036-4665
OLIVEIRA, José Alberto Mello de. HEART ANEURYSM IN CHAGAS' DISEASE. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1998, vol.40, n.5 ISSN 0036-4665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651998000500007.
This prospective study on 41 autopsy collected human hearts concerns the "apical" lesion in Chagas' disease. Previous report did not show a correlation between lesion frequency and heart weight then discarding a vascular factor in its pathogenesis. The present paper involves other variables besides the heart weight to evaluate the relative coronary insufficiency. Distinct colored gel (green and red) injected through the capillary beds of both coronary arteries defined the extent of both vessels before separating the atria and removing the sub-epicardium fat. The Right Ventricle (RV) and Left Ventricle (LV) free walls furnished the RV/LV mass ratio. The myocardium mass colored green (right coronary artery - RC) and the whole Ventricular Weight (VW) determined the RC/VW mass ratio. The heart weight plus these mass ratios, graded and added, composed a score inversely proportional to the myocardium irrigation condition. It intended to be a more sensitive morphologic evaluation of the relative ischaemia to correlate to the apical lesion. This study showed a right deviation for the relative accumulated frequency of lesions plotted as a score function and a significant difference for higher scores in hearts with aneurysm. It suggests a ischaemic factor intervening in the apical lesion pathogenesis in Chagas' cardiopathy.
Palavras-chave : Chagas'disease; Coronary arteries; Heart hypertrophy; Myocardial ischaemia.