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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
On-line version ISSN 1678-9946
FIGUEIREDO, Luiz Tadeu M. et al. HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME (HPS) IN GUARIBA, SP, BRAZIL: REPORT OF 2 CASES. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 1999, vol.41, n.2, pp.131-137. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651999000200012.
Human infections caused by a hantavirus were reported in different regions of the State of São Paulo (SP), Brazil during the first six months of 1998. Two cases of fatal pulmonary syndrome occurred in May of 1998 in the City of Guariba, located in the Northeastern Region of SP. Both patients worked in a corn storage barn infested by rodents. These patients, after 2 or 3 days of non-specific febrile illness, developed a severe interstitial pneumonia spreading widely in both lungs, causing respiratory failure and death. At autopsy both patients showed lung interstitial edema with immunoblast-like mononuclear cell infiltrates, consistent with a viral etiology. Hantavirus infection was diagnosed by ELISA in both cases and by RT-PCR in one of the patients. Aspects of the clinical presentation, physiopathology and differential diagnosis of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome are discussed.
Keywords : Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome; Hantaviruses.