Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Print version ISSN 0036-4665
DAHER, Elizabeth De Francesco; OLIVEIRA NETO, Francisco Holanda and RAMIREZ, Susana Marcela Pineida. Evaluation of hemostasis disorders and anticardiolipin antibody in patients with severe leptospirosis. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2002, vol.44, n.2, pp. 85-90. ISSN 0036-4665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652002000200006.
A prospective study was designed to evaluate disorders of hemostasis and levels of anticardiolipin antibodies (ACL) in 30 patients with severe leptospirosis and acute renal failure (ARF) (ARF was defined as serum creatinine ³1.5 mg/dL). The patients had been admitted to the Walter Cantídio University Hospital, São José Infectious Diseases Hospital and General Hospital of Fortaleza, Ceará, from August 1999 to July 2001. They all were male, with a mean age of 32 ± 14 years and with clinical and laboratory diagnoses of ARF leptospirosis. The time elapsed between onset of symptoms and the first hemorrhagic manifestation was 9 ± 4 days. Bleeding was observed in 86% of the patients. Laboratory tests showed significantly high levels of urea (181 ±95 mg/dl), fibrinogen, (515 ± 220 mg/dl), prothrombin time (13.3 ± 0.9 seconds) and low platelet counts (69 ± 65x103/mm3) on admission. There was no elevation in activated partial thromboplastin time or thrombin time. Levels of IgM and IgG ACL concentrations were significantly increased (p < 0.05) in leptospirosis patients when compared to control patients (28.5 ± 32.4 vs. 11.5 ± 7.9MPL U/ml and 36.7 ± 36.1 vs. 6.5 ± 2.5 GPL U/ml), respectively. Vasculitis, thrombocytopenia and uremia should be considered important factors for the pathogenesis of hemorrhagic disturbances and the main cause of death in severe leptospirosis.
Keywords : Leptospirosis; Hemostasis disorders and anticardiolipin antibodies.