Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
On-line version ISSN 1678-9946
CHIMELLI, Patricia Augusta Vianna; SOFIATTI, Alexandre de Abreu; NUNES, Ricardo Spina and MARTINS, Jose Eduardo da Costa. Dermatophyte agents in the city of São Paulo, from 1992 to 2002. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2003, vol.45, n.5, pp.259-263. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652003000500004.
Dermatophytosis are superficial mycoses caused by fungi that can invade stratum corneum and keratinized tissues. In order to study the frequency of dermatophytes species and the clinical manifestations caused by these fungi, in São Paulo, SP, Brazil, the authors analyzed cultures isolated at the Mycology Laboratory from a selected population (15,300 out-patients of the Hospital das Clínicas, Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine of University of São Paulo) from January 1992 to June 2002. The most prevalent dermatophyte was Trichophyton rubrum (48.7%), followed by Microsporum canis (20.9%), Trichophyton tonsurans (13.8%), Trichophyton mentagrophytes (9.7%), Epidermophyton floccosum (4.1%), and Microsporum gypseum (2.5%). These agents determined more than one clinical manifestation, i.e., tinea corporis (31.5%), tinea capitis (27.5%), tinea unguium (14.8%), tinea cruris (13.9%), tinea pedis (9.9%), and tinea manuum (1.9%). Clinical variants of dermatophytosis and their relationship to the etiologic agents were studied and the results were compared to those obtained in previous studies in other regions of Brazil and in other countries.
Keywords : Dermatophytosis; Dermatophyte; Tinea; Selected population; Frequency.