SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.47 issue5St. Louis encephalitis vírus: first isolation from a human in São Paulo state, BrasilOptimization of random amplified polymorphic DNA techniques for use in genetic studies of Cuban triatominae author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

Print version ISSN 0036-4665

Abstract

LUZ, Cláudia Regina N. E. et al. Rotavirus serotypes and electropherotypes identified among hospitalised children in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2005, vol.47, n.5, pp. 287-293. ISSN 0036-4665.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652005000500009.

During June 1997-June 1999 rotavirus infection was screened in infants aged up to 2 years and hospitalised with acute diarrhoea in São Luís, Northeastern Brazil. Altogether, 128 stool samples were collected from diarrhoeic patients and additional 122 faecal specimens from age- and- temporal matched inpatients without diarrhoea were obtained; rotavirus positivity rates for these groups were 32.0% (41/128) and 9.8% (12/122), respectively (p < 0.001). Both electropherotyping and serotyping could be performed in 42 (79.2%) of the 53 rotavirus-positive stool samples. Long and short electropherotypes were detected at similar rates - 38.1% and 40.5% of specimens, respectively. Overall, a G serotype could be assigned for 35 (83.3%) of specimens, the majority of them (66.7%) bearing G1-serotype specificity. Taking both electropherotypes and serotypes together, G1 rotavirus strains displaying long and short RNA patterns accounted for 30.9% and 19.0% of tested specimens, respectively; all G2 strains had short electropherotype. Rotavirus gastroenteritis was detected year-round and, in 1998, the incidence rates tended to be higher during the second semester than in the first semester: 45.2% and 26.1% (p = 0.13), respectively. Rotavirus infections peaked at the second semester of life with frequencies of 30.1% and 13.5% for diarrhoeic children and controls, respectively. While the six rotavirus strains bearing G2-type specificity were circulating throughout the whole study period, G1 serotypes (n = 27) emerged as from June 1998 onwards, 20 (74.1%) of which clustering in 1998. These data underscore the importance of rotaviruses in the aetiology of severe infantile gastroenteritis in Northeastern Brazil and sustain the concept that a future vaccine should confer protection against more than one serotype.

Keywords : Rotavirus; Serotypes; Electropherotypes; Children.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English     · pdf in English