Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Print version ISSN 0036-4665
BARONI, Francisco de Assis et al. Cryptococcus neoformans strains isolated from church towers in Rio de Janeiro City, RJ, Brazil. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2006, vol.48, n.2, pp. 71-75. ISSN 0036-4665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652006000200003.
Cryptococcosis has been a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with Aids. Many reservoirs of the agent Cryptococcus neoformans have been reported, but the ecology of this yeast must be elucidated in order to establish surveillance programs and to prevent infections. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of C. neoformans in Rio de Janeiro City, RJ, Brazil. Ten churches were selected for sampling and detection of the yeast collecting pigeon dropping, air samples from church towers and neighboring areas during one year. The data demonstrated that C. neoformans has been present in every church selected and was present in 37.8% of 219 pigeon dropping samples. As well as, the yeast was isolated from soil, insects, eggs, pigeon nests and feathers. Fifteen air samples (4.9%) were positive. The growth on C.G.B. medium showed that all strains belonged to C. neoformans var. neoformans, with 98.8% of the strains belonging to serotype A.
Keywords : Cryptococcus neoformans; Serotypes; Pigeon dropping; Ecology.