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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
On-line version ISSN 1678-9946
COSTA, Adriana Oliveira; GOMES, Maria Aparecida; ROCHA, Orivaldo Alves and SILVA, Edward Felix. Pathogenicity of Entamoeba dispar under xenic and monoxenic cultivation compared to a virulent E. histolytica. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2006, vol.48, n.5, pp. 245-250. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652006000500002.
Two xenic isolates and cloned cultures of Entamoeba dispar were submitted to monoxenization using Crithidia fasciculata as the associated organism. Growth in monoxenic cultivation and ability of xenic and monoxenic trophozoites to destroy VERO cells and produce lesions in hamster livers were compared to those of a virulent E. histolytica. Parental and cloned E. dispar under monoxenic cultivation showed a remarkable lower growth than the monoxenic E. histolytica and were avirulent in both in vivo and in vitro tests. When xenically cultured, trophozoites of E. dispar showed a moderate lytic activity against VERO cells (1.5 to 41.8% of destruction) but caused severe hepatic lesions in hamsters as those caused by the virulent E. histolytica (29 to 100% in prevalence and 0.86 to 4.00 in lesion degree). Although E. dispar has not been associated with invasive disease in men, the ability of xenic trophozoites to produce prominent tissue damage in experimental conditions has indicated that some strains have a considerable pathogenic potential when in presence of bacteria.
Keywords : Entamoeba dispar; Entamoeba histolytica; Cultivation; Pathogenicity.