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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

versão On-line ISSN 1678-9946

Resumo

BELDA JUNIOR, Walter; VELHO, Paulo Eduardo Neves Ferreira; FAGUNDES, Luiz Jorge  e  ARNONE, Marcelo. Evaluation of the in vitro activity of six antimicrobial agents against Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2007, vol.49, n.1, pp.55-58. ISSN 1678-9946.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652007000100010.

Use of antimicrobials for the treatment of gonorrhea started in 1930 with the utilization of sulfonamides. With the years other drugs were used for its treatment such as penicillin, tetracycline, spectinomycin, and others. Although highly specific in the beginning, these drugs, with time did not show anymore the expected therapeutic results because of aspects of chromosomal and plasmid-mediated resistance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains to six drugs used for its treatment (penicillin, tetracycline, cefoxitin, thiamphenicol, spectinomycin and ofloxacin) by the determination of minimal inhibitory concentrations of these drugs. We concluded that drugs, such as cefoxitin, thiamphenicol and spectinomycin still are excellent pharmacological agents for the treatment of gonorrhea. Penicillin, although still efficient, needs more attention regarding its use, as well as ofloxacin, because of the emergence of resistant strains. Tetracycline and its derivatives should be strongly contraindicated for the treatment of gonorrhea.

Palavras-chave : Gonorrhea; Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Drug resistance; Minimum inhibitory concentration.

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