Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
On-line version ISSN 1678-9946
TAKIZAWA, Maria das Graças Marciano Hirata; FALAVIGNA, Dina Lúcia Morais and GOMES, Mônica Lúcia. Enteroparasitosis and their ethnographic relationship to food handlers in a tourist and economic center in Paraná, Southern Brazil. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2009, vol.51, n.1, pp.31-35. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652009000100006.
This study reports on the occurrence of enteroparasites based on data from an ethnographic study of food handlers in the city of Cascavel, Paraná, Brazil. Fecal material from 343 food handlers of both sexes, between 14 and 75 years of age, was analyzed using Lutz, modified Ritchie and Ziehl-Neelsen techniques. Ethnographic relationships were investigated by means of specific questionnaires. Positive fecal samples were found for 131 (38.2%) handlers. Endolimax nana (67.9%) was the predominant species, followed by Entamoeba coli (35.9%), Blastocystis hominis (28.2%), Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (10.1%) and Giardia duodenalis (8.4%). Protozoan infections were more common than helminth infections (p = 0.00). The positive results for some parasites were associated with the male sex, professional category, and the performance of other activities (p < 0.05). The high overall occurrence of enteroparasites found indicates improper hygiene and sanitation conditions. Effective educational measures should be implemented to prevent the transfer of pathogenic organisms to food via handling.
Keywords : Enteroparasitosis; Food handlers; Ethnographic relationships; Occurrence; Southern Brazil.