Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
versión On-line ISSN 1678-9946
MUTISO, Joshua M.; MACHARIA, John C.; MUTISYA, Rosemary M. y TARACHA, Evans. Subcutaneous immunization against Leishmania major - infection in mice: efficacy of formalin-killed promastigotes combined with adjuvants. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2010, vol.52, n.2, pp.95-100. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652010000200006.
Formalin-killed promastigotes (FKP) of Leishmania major, in combination with Montanide ISA 720 (MISA), BCG or alum were used in vaccination of an inbred murine model against cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Significant and specific increases in anti-FKP IgG responses were detected for both alum-FKP and BCG-FKP compared to MISA-FKP (p < 0.001). Significant increases in splenic lymphocyte recall proliferation was obtained in the MISA-FKP vaccinated mice compared to alum-FKP or BCG-FKP vaccinated groups (p < 0.01). The highest interferon-γ responses were observed in the BCG-FKP group followed by the MISA-FKP while the alum-FKP gave the least responses. Significantly reduced lesion sizes were obtained in the MISA-FKP group compared to the BCG/alum adjuvants-FKP vaccinated groups. Although the BCG-FKP group showed the highest IFN-γ responses, it failed to control cutaneous lesions. Significant reductions in parasite numbers were observed in the MISA-FKP and BCG-FKP vaccinated groups (p < 0.001). There was a good correlation between parasite burden and IFN-γ level indicating IFN-γ response as a sensitive parameter of the immune status. In conclusion, MISA-FKP is the most efficacious vaccine formulation against murine cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Palabras clave : Cutaneous leishmaniasis; Formalin-killed promastigotes (FKP) promastigotes; Montanide ISA 720 (MISA); BCG; Alum; BALB/c mice; Immune responses.