Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
versão impressa ISSN 0036-4665
KANASHIRO, Tatiana Mitiko et al. Identification of respiratory virus in infants with congenital heart disease by comparison of different methods. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2011, vol.53, n.5, pp. 241-246. ISSN 0036-4665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652011000500001.
Respiratory virus infections are the main cause of infant hospitalization and are potentially severe in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Rapid and sensitive diagnosis is very important to early introduction of antiviral treatment and implementation of precautions to control transmission, reducing the risk of nosocomial infections. In the present study we compare different techniques in the diagnosis of respiratory viruses in CHD infants. Thirty-nine samples of nasopharyngeal aspirate were obtained from CHD infants with symptoms of respiratory infection. The Multiplex PCR (Seeplex® RV 12 ACE Detection) driven to the detection of 12 respiratory viruses was compared with the direct immunofluorescence assay (DFA) and PCR, both targeting seven respiratory viruses. The positivity found by DFA, Multiplex and PCR was 33.3%, 51.3% and 48.7%, respectively. Kappa index comparing DFA and Multiplex, DFA and PCR and PCR and Multiplex PCR was 0.542, 0.483 and 0.539, respectively. The concordance between techniques was considered moderate. Both Multiplex PCR (p = 0.001) and PCR (p = 0.002) detected significantly more respiratory virus than DFA. As the performance of the tests may vary, the combination of two or more techniques may increase diagnostic sensitivity favoring the diagnosis of co-infections, early introduction of antiviral therapy and implementation of appropriate measures.
Palavras-chave : Respiratory viruses; Congenital heart disease; Direct immunofluorescence assay; Multiplex PCR; PCR.