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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
On-line version ISSN 1678-9946
CELLA, Wilsandrei et al. Seventeen years of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in a Southern Brazilian municipality. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2012, vol.54, n.4, pp.215-218. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652012000400006.
We reviewed the records of 151 patients diagnosed with American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) from 1993 to 2009 in the municipality of Japura, Paraná, Brazil. Gender, age, occupation, place of residence, location of lesions, type and number of lesions were analyzed. The prevalence rate of ACL was 11.5/10,000 hab, of which 84.7% were male, 58.3% lived in rural area and 49.0% were farmers. The most frequent age group was between 30 to 39 years (26.6%). Skin lesions occurred in 92.7% of the patients with predominance in the lower limbs (23.9%) and 49.1% of the records did not include the number of lesions location due to incomplete filling. A single ulceration was present in 44.4%. Japurá is an endemic area for ACL, requiring public actions and preventive education.
Keywords : Leishmaniasis; Epidemiology; Zoonoses; Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis; Mucocutaneous.