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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
On-line version ISSN 1678-9946
EYER-SILVA, Walter de Araujo et al. Acute gouty arthritis as a manifestation of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome after initiation of antiretroviral therapy. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2012, vol.54, n.4, pp.231-233. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652012000400009.
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) in HIV-infected subjects initiating antiretroviral therapy most commonly involves new or worsening manifestations of previously subclinical or overt infectious diseases. Reports of non-infectious IRIS are much less common but represent important diagnostic and treatment challenges. We report on a 34-year-old HIV-infected male patient with no history of gout who developed acute gouty arthritis in a single joint one month after initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy.
Keywords : Antiretroviral therapy; Gout; HIV infection; IRIS.