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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
On-line version ISSN 1678-9946
UPADHYAY, Aparna and SINGH, D.K.. Pharmacological effects of Sapindus mukorossi. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2012, vol.54, n.5, pp.273-280. ISSN 1678-9946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652012000500007.
Sapindus mukorossi is an extremely valuable medicinal plant, distributed in tropical and sub-tropical regions of Asia. The aim of present review is to form a short compilation of the phytochemical composition and pharmacological properties of this multipurpose tree. The main phytoconstituents isolated and identified from different parts of this plant are triterpenoidal saponins of oleanane, dammarane and tirucullane type. The structure and chemical names of all the types of triterpenoidal saponins reported in Sapindus mukorossi are included in this review. Many research studies have been conducted to prove the plant's potential as being spermicidal, contraceptive, hepatoprotective, emetic, anti-inflammatory and anti-protozoal. The present review highlights some of the salient pharmacological uses of Sapindus mukorossi.
Keywords : Sapindus mukorossi; Pharmacology; Saponins.