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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

versão On-line ISSN 1678-9946


REIS, Ana Paula Carvalho et al. In situ immune response in human dermatophytosis: possible role of Langerhans cells (CD1a+) as a risk factor for dermatophyte infection. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2019, vol.61, e56.  Epub 10-Out-2019. ISSN 1678-9946.

Dermatophytosis is a cutaneous mycosis caused by a plethora of keratinophilic fungi, but Trichophyton rubrum is the most common etiological agent. Despite its high prevalence worldwide, little is known about the host defense mechanisms in this infection, particularly the in situ immune response. Using an immunohistochemistry approach, we investigated the density of CD1a+, factor XIIIa+ and CD68+ cells in the skin of dermatophytosis patients. Langerhans cells (CD1a+ cells) were significantly decreased in the epidermis of patients, both in affected and unaffected areas. In the dermis, however, no differences in the density of macrophages (CD68+ cells) and dermal dendrocytes (factor XIIIa+ cells) were observed. These results suggest that the decreased number of Langerhans cells may be a risk factor for development of dermatophytosis.

Palavras-chave : Dermatophytosis; Innate immune response; Langerhans cells; Macrophages; CD68+; Factor XIIIa+; CD1a+; Trichophyton rubrum.

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