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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

versão On-line ISSN 1678-9946

Resumo

FONSECA, Lucas José Sá da et al. Hospital-acquired intestinal toxemia botulism in a newly diagnosed adult colon cancer patient. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2019, vol.61, e49.  Epub 12-Set-2019. ISSN 1678-9946.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s1678-9946201961049.

This manuscript reports a case of intestinal toxemia botulism in an adult with recently diagnosed metastatic colon cancer in whom botulism symptoms began 23 days after hospital admission. Representing the rarest form of botulism presentation in clinical practice, this infectious disease may have developed due to a cluster of predisposing factors that favored Clostridium botulinum colonization and the endogenous production of neurotoxins, among which are previous use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and colon changes related to the development of the neoplasia. This case highlights the importance of considering intestinal toxemia botulism in the differential diagnosis of a patient presenting with symmetrical descending flaccid paralysis, since immediate treatment with botulinum antitoxin may improve clinical outcomes.

Palavras-chave : Adult intestinal toxemia botulism; Neuropathy; Intestinal colonization; Diagnosis; Neuromuscular junction; Symmetrical descending flaccid paralysis; Clostridium botulinum.

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