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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 0037-8682


COSTA, Carlos A. da et al. Leishmaniose visceral canina: avaliação da metodologia sorológica utilizada em inquéritos epidemiológicos. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 1991, vol.24, n.1, pp.21-25. ISSN 0037-8682.

A comparative study was made of eluates of the blood of dogs experimentally infected with different trypanosomatids. Using antigens prepared from promastigotes of Leishmania mexicana, L. braziliensis and L. chagasi, assessments were made by the indirect immunofluorescence test. The results showed a sensitivity of 87,5% in the diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniasis, independent of antigen used. Cross-reactions occurred in 75% of cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis and 83,3% of dogs with chagas' disease. An epidemiological survey in an area of leishmaniasis confirmed that immunofluorescence tests on eluates of dogs' blood give cross-reactions between L. braziliensis and L. chagasi. The results suggest that such testing could be useful in public health campaigns but attention is drawn to thefact that the level ofpositive reactions cannot be used as an indicator of the prevalence of canine kala-azar.

Keywords : Leishmania chagasi; Canine kala-azar; Immunofluorescence.

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