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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1678-9849
MORAES, Mário A.P. et al. Coccidiodomycosis: a new Brazilian case. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 1998, vol.31, n.6, pp.559-562. ISSN 1678-9849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86821998000600009.
A case of pulmonary coccidioidomycosis from the rural zone of Bertolinia, PI, is reported. The patient, a farm worker, attributed his illness to the dust inhaled while digging a water well during the dry season of the year, some weeks before the onset of the clinical manifestations. The main symptoms of the disease were severe chest pain and moderate fever. The diagnosis was made histopathologically: tissue phase fungal organisms ¾ immature spherules and spherules with endospores ¾ were observed in histological sections of a lung fragment obtained by open chest biopsy. This is the twelfth autochthonous case of coccidioidomycosis found so far in Brazil. All of them involved native inhabitants of the semi-arid part of Northeastern Brazil. The hot and dry environment of the region seems to favor the development of C. immitis in the soil. Humans and animals probably acquire the infection by digging the soil, when they become exposed to the conidium-bearing dust raised by this activity.
Keywords : Coccidioidomycosis; Coccidioides immitis.