Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versão impressa ISSN 0037-8682
PENNA, Gerson Oliveira; HAJJAR, Ludhmila Abrahão e BRAZ, Tatiana Magalhães. Gonorrhea. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2000, vol.33, n.5, pp. 451-464. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822000000500007.
Gonorrhea is a common bacterial infection caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a Gram-negative diplococcus that is transmitted almost exclusively by sexual contact or perinatally. It primarily affects the mucous membranes of the lower genital tract and less frequently those of the rectum, oropharynx, and conjunctivae. Ascending genital infection in women leads to the predominant complication, acute salpingitis, one of the most common causes of female infertility in the world. Since the 1990s, a remarkable surge of information ensued regarding the pathogenesis of gonorrhea and its agent. Gonorrohea has proven difficult to control in most populations and remains a prime example of the influence that social, behavioral, and demographic factors can have on the epidemiology of an infectious disease. The management of gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted infections requires both treatment of the patient as an individual and of his or her sexual partner(s) as a public health measure to interrupt the onward spread of infection and prevent long-term complications.
Palavras-chave : Gonorrhea; Neisseria gonorhoeae.