Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Print version ISSN 0037-8682
GONZALES-LOZA, María del R.; POLANCO-MARIN, Giraldo G. and PUERTO-SOLIS, Marylin. Identificacion of rotavirus associated to seroty G2 in Yucatan, Mexico. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2000, vol.33, n.6, pp. 553-557. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822000000600006.
In the present study, rotavirus G2 serotype was identified from fecal samples of children with gastroenteritis from the city of Merida, Yucatan, Mexico. Virological diagnosis of disease was performed using polycrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoenzymatic assay. Out of 149 analyzed samples 25 (16.7%) gave positive reaction to rotavirus groups A, of these 23 (92%) were identified as serotype g2, subgroup i and electrophoretic short pattern, whereas 2 (8%) were identified as subgroups II and electrophoretic long pattern, however, the G serotype was not possible to determine. Rotavirus G serotype has not been detected in more than 90% of samples since 1985. This indicates that the number of people susceptible to G2 serotype within the population has increased over recent years, which perhaps indicates that an important outbreak of acute infectious diarrhea caused by the rotavirus G2 serotype may be forthcoming.
Keywords : Rotavirus; G serotype; Gastroenteritis.