Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versão impressa ISSN 0037-8682
MACHADO, Alcyone A.; ZORZI, Alessandro R.; GLERIA, Ana Eugênia A. e DONADI, Eduardo A.. Frequency of Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum infections in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2001, vol.34, n.3, pp. 243-247. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822001000300003.
Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Mycoplasma hominis (MH) have been detected in the urine of women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We evaluated the presence of these mycoplasma in the endocervix of women presenting SLE. A total of 40 SLE patients (mean age 40.2 years), and 51 healthy women (mean age 30.9 years), were studied. Endocervical swabs were cultured in specific liquid media for MH or UU, detected by a quantitative color assay, and considered positive at >103 dilutions. Statistical analysis was performed using the two-tailed Fisher test. UU was detected in 52.5 % of patients and in 11.8% of controls (p= 0.000059). MH was detected in 20% of patients and 2% controls (p=0.003905). Both mycoplasmas were detected in 7.3% patients and 0% controls (p<0.000001). The results reported here corroborate the association of the mycoplasma infection and SLE. Thus, these agents may stimulate the production of autoreactive clones.
Palavras-chave : Mycoplasma; Systemic lupus erythematosus; Mycoplasma hominis; Ureaplasma urealyticum; Genital infections.