Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versión On-line ISSN 1678-9849
CASTRO, Cleudson; PRATA, Aluizio y MACEDO, Vanize. A folow-up period of 13 years prospective study in 190 chagasic patients of Mambaí, Goiás, State, Brazil. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2001, vol.34, n.4, pp. 309-318. ISSN 1678-9849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822001000400001.
A prospective study was performed on the clinical, electrocardiographic (ECG) and radiologic aspects of the esophagus in 190 chagasic patients, for on average follow-up period of 13 years. We found 108 (56.8%) patients who remained in the same clinical state, 72 (37.9%) patients with progressive illness and 10 (5.3%) patients whose previous ECG abnormalities subsided. Thirty nine out of 72 patients with progressive disease developed cardiopathy or aggravation of previous illness, 32 developed into megaesophagus or an existing picture deteriorated and 12 developed or showed worsening of the colopathy. Of 72 patients, 11 presented with associated forms. The development of cardiopathy was greater in males 29.6% (21/71) than in females 15.1% (18/119), p =0.015. There were 19 new cases of cardiopathy, and 20 of aggravated previous disease. The incidence of megaesophagus was 14.9% (23/154), with nine patients whose previous disease worsened. The progression of colopathy was greater in females 9.2% (11/119) than in males 1.4% (1/71), p = 0.026.
Palabras clave : Evolution of chagasic cardiopathy; Progression of megaesophagus; Prospective study.