Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versión impresa ISSN 0037-8682versión On-line ISSN 1678-9849
FERNANDES, Fernando de Freitas y FREITAS, Edméia de Paula e Souza. Analysis of the use of fenthion via epicutaneous in dogs for Rhipicephalus sanguineus control. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2001, vol.34, n.4, pp.339-342. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822001000400005.
The action of fenthion was studied in a 15% epicutaneous formulation upon Rhipicephalus sanguineus, which may transmit pathogens to men and other animals, such as Ehrlichia, Babesia and Ricketsia. Dogs were artificially infected for the trial. The fenthion bioassays were begun four months after artificial infestation. The test group, having a mean of 186 ticks per dog, received the formulation dosage according to body weight on the neck region. Tick counts were performed, considering diameters ³ 2mm, during 11 days of treatment, in the most affected body areas: back, ears and paws. Before the application of fenthion in the dogs, it were observed an average 43.3% ticks in the ears, 38.1% in the back area and 17.6% in the paws. The number of ticks in dogs decreased by 36.2%, 63.8%, 82.7%, 67%, 40% and 4.9%, respectively on days 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11 after treatment. R. sanguineus anti-tick activity, lower than that officially recommended, was verified. The number of ticks increased progressively after the 5th day, demonstrating residual insecticide inefficacy. The results obtained did not indicate the use of this formulation, at the tested dosage, as an elective measure for R. sanguineus control.
Palabras clave : Ixodidae; Tick; Rhipicephalus sanguineus; Control; Fenthion.