Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versión On-line ISSN 1678-9849
PAULINO, Rosangela C.; CASTRO, Edilene A. y THOMAZ-SOCCOL, Vanete. Helminth eggs and protozoan cysts in sludge obtained by anaerobic digestion process. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2001, vol.34, n.5, pp.421-428. ISSN 1678-9849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822001000500004.
This study evaluates the prevalence and viability of helminth eggs and protozoan cysts in sludge obtained by anaerobic treatment in four treatment stations in Curitiba, Parana State, Brazil. The parasites observed were helminths: Ascaris sp (85%), Toxocara sp (5.5%), Trichuris sp (4.5%), Hymenolepis diminuta (3.7%), H. nana (1%) and Taenia sp (0.4%), protozoan: Isospora sp, Entamoeba coli, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, Endolimax nana. In biological treatment based on the anaerobic digestion the effectiveness depends on the duration and temperature. The treatment showed efficiency for pathogen reduction of between 59.7 to 93%. However, the number of helminth eggs found in treatment stations was still high and new higher performance treatment is necessary for land application or for other objectives, seeking to reduce the risks for human and animal health.
Palabras clave : Anaerobic digestion; Fluid sludge; Helminth ova; Protozoan cysts.