Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versión impresa ISSN 0037-8682
BRAGA, Lúcia Libanez Bessa C. et al. Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar infections as detected by monoclonal antibody in an urban slum in Fortaleza, Northeastern Brazil. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2001, vol.34, n.5, pp. 467-471. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822001000500010.
In this study the authors used the Elisa-based antigen detection tests that distinguish E. histolytica from E. dispar to examine the prevalence of E. histolytica infection in individuals from an urban slum in Fortaleza, Northeastern, Brazil. This test has a sensitivity and specificity that is comparable to PCR and isoenzyme analysis, which is the gold standard. Single stools samples were obtained from 735 individuals. The prevalence of E. histolytica infection was 14.9% (110/735) and 25.4%(187/735) for E. dispar-E. histolytica complex. The most affected age group for E. histolytica /E. histolytica-E. dispar infection was the 1-5 year olds but there was no remarkable decrease with age. There was no significant difference in colonization rates between males and females. The results from this survey demonstrate that E. histolytica is highly prevalent in the Community studied. Furthermore, it offers promise for the antigen detection test as a sensitive and technically simple tool for detecting E. histolytica infection in the field.
Palabras clave : E. histolytica; E. histolytica-E. dispar complex; Epidemiology; Brazil.