Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1678-9849
CAMPOS, Rozália F. et al. Sensitivity of polymerase chain reaction for detection of known aliquots of Trypanosoma cruzi in the blood of mice: an in vitro study. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2002, vol.35, n.5, pp.487-490. ISSN 1678-9849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822002000500011.
To evaluate the sensitivity of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to reveal known number of trypomastigote in the blood of mice, three separate experiments were done. First: To eight samples of 500ml of normal mice blood, one aliquot of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, and 50 trypomastigotes respectively, were added. Second and third: 10 aliquots with 1 and 10 with 2 trypomastigotes were added to samples of 500ml of normal mice blood. Positive control: 500ml of blood containing 100,000 trypomastigotes. For kDNA minicircles amplification by PCR the primers:S35 and S36 were used. PCR revealed products of 330 b.p in the positive controls. When only one sample with the aliquots of 1 or 2 trypomastigotes was examined, results were negative; results were positive with aliquots of 3 to 50 trypomastigotes. In the 2nd and 3rd experiments, 9/10 aliquots with one parasite and 9/10 with 2 trypomastigotes were positive revealing a high sensitivity of this reaction. In conclusion, the presence of one single parasite in 500ml of blood, is enough for a positive PCR. This method could be used as a complement to the various parasitological cure tests in treated mice, when low volumes of blood are individually examined.
Keywords : Trypanosoma cruzi; Polymerase chain reaction; PCR sensitivity in mice; PCR as cure test in mice.