Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versión impresa ISSN 0037-8682
HELLER, Léo; COLOSIMO, Enrico Antonio y ANTUNES, Carlos Mauricio de Figueiredo. Environmental sanitation conditions and health impact: a case-control study. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2003, vol.36, n.1, pp. 41-50. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822003000100007.
This epidemiological investigation examines the impact of several environmental sanitation conditions and hygiene practices on diarrhea occurrence among children under five years of age living in an urban area. The case-control design was employed; 997 cases and 999 controls were included in the investigation. Cases were defined as children with diarrhea and controls were randomly selected among children under five years of age. After logistic regression adjustment, the following variables were found to be significantly associated with diarrhea: washing and purifying fruit and vegetables; presence of wastewater in the street; refuse storage, collection and disposal; domestic water reservoir conditions; feces disposal from swaddles; presence of vectors in the house and flooding in the lot. The estimates of the relative risks reached values up to 2.87. The present study revealed the feasibility of developing and implementing an adequate model to establish intervention priorities in the field of environmental sanitation.
Palabras llave : Diarrhea; Hygiene practices; Model for priority setting; Urban refuse; Water supply.