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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1678-9849
GUERRA, Jorge Augusto de Oliveira et al. Clinical and diagnostic aspects of American tegumentary leishmaniosis in soldiers simultaneously exposed to the infection in the Amazon Region. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2003, vol.36, n.5, pp. 587-590. ISSN 1678-9849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822003000500008.
Military exercises in the forest of the Amazon region constitute an important factor in the incidence of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in this region. This report describes 48 cases of American tegumentary leishmaniosis. All these patients acquired the disease after military exercises in the Amazon. The mean incubation time was 27.6 days. The lesions were predominantly in the upper extremities, face and neck. The majority of patients presented two lesions. Ulcers were the most common clinical manifestation. The diagnosis was obtained through skin smears of the lesions. A total of 43 cases (89.6 %) were found to be positive.
Keywords : Leishmaniasis; Military; Exercises; Amazon forest.