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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1678-9849
COLOMBO, Arnaldo Lopes and GUIMARAES, Thaís. Epidemiology of hematogenous infections due to Candida spp. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2003, vol.36, n.5, pp.599-607. ISSN 1678-9849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822003000500010.
Candida spp is associated to almost 80% of all nosocomial fungal infections and is considered a major cause of blood stream infections. Candida spp is the fourth most common cause of blood stream infections in the United States, where this agent is responsible for 8% of all invasive infections documented in this site. At the present, non-albicans species are related to at least 50% of all invasive infections due to Candida spp and they present differences in terms of clinical outcome as well as susceptibility to antifungal drugs. The crude mortality rate of candidemia is between 40 and 60% which makes this infection an important challenge for all clinicians from tertiary care hospitals of diverse different countries.
Keywords : Candida bloodstream infections; Nosocomial infections; Emergent pathogens; Opportunistic infections.