Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versión impresa ISSN 0037-8682
XAVIER, Sérgio Salles et al. Chronic chagasic cardiopathy in the Rio Negro, Amazon State. Report of three new autochthonous cases confirmed by serology, clinical examination, chest X-rays, electro and echocardiography. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2006, vol.39, n.2, pp. 211-216. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822006000200015.
We report three new autochthonous cases of chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy from Rio Negro, Amazon State, confirmed by serology (indirect immunofluorescence, ELISA and Western-blot for Trypanosoma cruzi infection), clinical examination, chest X-rays, electro- and echocardiography. The three patients were born and lived all their lives in the Rio Negro region working as piaçaba gatherers, where they were bitten several times by sylvatic triatomine bugs. The clinical feature was congestive heart failure and intraventricular conduction impairment in the three cases (right bundle branch block with left anterior hemiblock in two cases, left bundle branch block of 3rd degree in one), polimorphic ventricular extrasystoles in two cases and primary T wave inversion in another one. The echocardiographic evaluation showed a significant increasing of the left ventricular diameters with ejection fraction lesser than 36%, and myocardial segmental impairment pattern, including apical aneruysm and postero-inferior akinesia in the three patients. These are the first autochthonous cases of chronic Chagasic cardiomyopathy from the Brazilian Amazon state with echocardiographic pattern suggestive of Chagas' disease.
Palabras llave : Chronic Chagasic cardiopathy; Autochthonous cases; Rio Negro; Brazilian Amazon.