Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Print version ISSN 0037-8682
LIMA, Estelita Pereira et al. Aedes aegypti resistance to temefos in counties of Ceará State. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2006, vol.39, n.3, pp. 259-263. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822006000300006.
The susceptibility of Aedes aegypti to temefos was evaluated by means of samples of eggs and larvae from four large counties in the state of Ceará (Fortaleza, Barbalha, Juazeiro do Norte and Crato). The technique standardized by the World Health Organization for tests with larvicides was used. The CL50 of eight samples from populations of Aedes was determined, as were their respective resistance ratios, compared to the CL50 of the susceptible Rockefeller strain. All populations submitted to the experiment showed resistance to temefos, with resistance ratios varying between 8 and 16. Analysis of these results reinforces prior evidence regarding the dissemination of temefos resistance in different locations in the state, subjected to considerable pressure for control in recent decades. The larvicide may lose its effectiveness if an urgent attempt is not made to reestablish the susceptibility of Aedes aegypti in these areas, profoundly affecting control campaigns currently under way.
Keywords : Aedes aegypti; Control of vectors; Temefos; Resistance to insecticides.