Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1678-9849
CORDEIRO, Marli Tenório et al. Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever in the State of Pernambuco, 1995-2006. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2007, vol.40, n.6, pp. 605-611. ISSN 1678-9849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822007000600001.
In Pernambuco, the first dengue cases occurred in 1987. After a seven-year interval without autochthonous cases, a new epidemic occurred in 1995. Important aspects of the dengue epidemics during the period 1995-2006 have been analyzed here, using epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data. A total of 378,374 cases were notified, with 612 confirmed cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever and 33 deaths. The mortality rate was 5.4%. The incidence rate increased from 134 to 1,438/100,000 inhabitants, corresponding to the epidemics due to serotypes 2 and 3, in 1995 and 2002, respectively. Dengue mainly affected adults (20-49 years); 40.7% were male and 59.3% were female. From 2003 onwards, the number of cases among individuals younger than 15 years old increased. Out of 225 dengue hemorrhagic fever cases, 42.7% primary and 57.3% secondary infections were identified (p = 0.0279). Neurological manifestations were also observed. From 2002 onwards, serotypes 1, 2 and 3 were circulating; serotype 3 was predominant.
Keywords : Dengue; Dengue virus; Dengue hemorrhagic fever; Epidemiology.